Dedicated to the refuah shelema of Israel Shalom ben Julie Rzala, Alice Aliza bath Maissa, Levana Taita bath Kreina, Rina Bracha bath Esther and Mordechai Tzemach ben Mazal.
"And G-d/Elokim spoke to Moshe and said to him, I'm the Lord/Avaya." (Chemoth 6:2)
Background: At the end of his first meeting with Moshe, not only Pharaoh doesn't let the children of Israel go, but he makes heavier their work, thus causing discontent of the people. This discontent is orchestrated and amplified by two sinister characters who will never cease to challenge Moshe: Dathan and Aviram. They make Moshe so upset that the leader of the Bnei Israel goes towards G-d and asked Him in turn why the situation was much worse. The answer lies in the few words of our verse:
"And G-d/Elokim spoke to Moshe and said to him, I am the Lord/Avaya.''
Rebbe Nachman teaches in the Likutey Moharan (IV): "When a man knows that whatever happens to him is for his good, he is at a level where it tastes the World to Come, as it is written: "In Avaya, whose word I praise; in Elokim, whose word I praise." (Psalm 56:11). This is a foretaste of the World to Come.''
Our sages asked the question in regard to the verse "On that day the Lord will be One, and His Name One" (Zecharia 14:9): "Is not G-d already One today?" And they answered: "Today on a good thing one recites the blessing ''Hatov vehametiv'' (''which is good and makes good''), while on a bad thing we say ''Dayan ha-emet '' (blessed be the Judge of truth). But in the future there will be only Hatov vehametiv and the names of Avaya and Elokim will become one, in perfect unity."
Avaya, the Tetragrammaton, corresponds to G-d when His goodness is revealed. Elokim is the name of G-d which corresponds to the fact that His goodness is hidden behind the veil of strict justice, generating severe decrees and which is the source of our problems in our life. Nevertheless a Jewish person with faith can already, in this world, unify these two aspects of the Divine Name and have a foretaste of the World to Come, in other words: be happy. And how do we do that?
Rabbi Nathan teaches from our verse:
"If everyone would listen to the voice of the true righteous and would follow their path and would believe that whatever G-d does is for the good and would always praise Him, no matter if things are good or bad, as it is written: "In Avaya, whose word I praise; in Elokim, whose word I praise", then it is obvious that all evil and all exiles would disappear completely; also, we would already had the final deliverance. But the main obstacle of the general or personal salvation comes from the numerous opponents of the tzaddik; this is like Dathan and Aviram who were opposed to Moshe Rabbenu.'' (Likutey Halakhoth Prika vei-tei-ina 4:14).
Datam and Aviram correspond to the negative forces that are in all of us. When things go wrong, they make us feel down by making us believe that G-d abandoned us or that we're not important enough to Him to deserve happiness. These forces are undermining the fundamental faith that everything that G-d does is good and that I am His beloved child.
And how do I express that faith? By always praising Hashem, constantly, even if at times everything seems to fall apart. By getting used to this because I trust the words of the tzaddik who taught me that everything is for the good, I will open the door to the salvation and I will see retrospectively that all my praises were justified.
To take our time ...
We should all talk to G-d by beginning to say thank you for everything, anyway. Because the real truth is that if we could see the exceptional good in every thing, included in the worst situations, G-d forbid, we would praise Hashem without end. But if we could see that, we would no longer have free will and this is not what the Creator wants. In addition, we always have to remember that G-d does not want our sufferings, they are usually the product of our misuse of free will.
And if I open my eyes, I can see many reasons to say thank you; it is only that we get used to and we forget them. Thus, we should impose on ourselves to never forget, never again ...
Thank you Hashem.
Rabbi Eliyahu Haviv